How do hookworm affects human?


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Deborah Mann Profile
Deborah Mann answered
Hookworms adversely affect humans in different ways, some more serious than others.

  • Health problems caused by hookworms

Hookworms can cause anaemia; congestive heart failure; constipation; diaorrhea; dizziness; nausea; vomiting; weight loss; excessive coughing; fever; difficulty in breathing; loss of appetite; sore and itchy feet; rash; indigestion; stomach and chest pains. They can also reduce the growth rate and mental development of children.
  • - Diagnosis
  • Made by examining stool samples as hookworm eggs will be present if there is an infestation.

  • - Treatment

  • Infestations are treated with drugs such as benzimidazoles such as mebendazole and albendazole. A course of treatment lasts three days. Another stool sample is then required to confirm whether the treatment has been successful. If the patient has anaemia, iron supplements may also be required.

    • How serious are hookworms?

    Hookworm infestations are rarely fatal. In certain circumstances, hookworms have been used to treat autoimmune diseases.

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