What Are The Five Axes Of A DSM-5 Diagnosis?


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Neil Walker Profile
Neil Walker answered
Hi there!
Here is the information you requested:-
Multiaxial Diagnostic System of the DSM-IV-TR - \"The Five Axes\"
The DSM-IV-TR uses a five level diagnostic system to classify illnesses and disorders. When considered together, these 5 levels give the treatment provider a complete diagnosis that includes factors influencing your psychiatric condition. This is important for effective treatment planning.
The five levels are called “axes” and are defined as follows:
Axis I is reserved for clinical disorders and developmental and learning disorders. Disorders that may be present on Axis I include:
  • Panic Disorder
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Social Phobia
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
  • Specific Phobia

Axis II is for personality disorders or mental retardation. Disorders that may appear on Axis II include:
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder
  • Dependent Personality Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
Axis III is for medical and/or physical conditions or disorders. For example:
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP)
Axis IV indicates factors contributing to, or affecting, the current psychiatric disorder and treatment outcomes. These include:
  • Lack of an adequate support system
  • Social issues
  • Educational problems
  • Problems with work
  • Financial difficulties
  • Legal problems
  • Other psychosocial and environmental problems
Axis V is for the GAF or global assessment functioning. This is a 100-point scale that the mental health professional uses to describe the patient’s overall level of performance in usual daily activities and social, occupational, academic and interpersonal functioning.
American Psychiatric Association. \"Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., text revision\" 2000 Washington, DC: Author.

I hope that answered your question.
God Bless!
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Axis 1 clinical disorders

axis 2 personality/mental retardation

axis 3 general medical condition

axis 4 physiological/enviromental

axis 5 global assessment

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