What are diseases caused due to lack of melatonin?


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Adam Yare answered
Melatonin is a hormone found in all living organisms, and is known in science as the more complex, 5-methoxy-N-acetyltryptamine.

  • What does melatonin do?
In humans, melatonin is produced by the pineal gland and aids the body in co-ordinating sleep patterns, basically letting you know when it's time to sleep or wake up.

Most people produce around 5 to 25 milligrams of melatonin per night, however this level will decline as a person ages. This is the likely reason elderly people suffer from insomnia and disrupted sleep patterns.

  • How can it be used?
In medicine, melatonin has proved important in the treatment of a number of diseases and disorders, including cancer, depression, sexual dysfunction and drug abuse.

It has also proved effective when used in the treatment of Alzheimers disease, and disorders associated with a persons mood, such as bipolar and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD).

Melatonin appears to have very few side-affects with many individuals taking short term supplements to counter the affects of jet lag, or disrupted sleep patterns caused by working night shifts.

Prolonged usage though has been linked with drowsiness and low blood pressure, while those individuals who suffer from auto-immune disorders may be at risk of exacerbating the problem by taking it as a supplement.

  • Further Information
Remember it is always recommended that if you have any questions or worries regarding melatonin, or if you are suffering from a disturbed sleep pattern, you should contact a qualified doctor or medical professional.

It is suggested that you speak to a doctor or pharmacist before taking any drug or supplement.

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