Quite common in the pelvic area, phleboliths are growths, deposits or masses typically consisting of lime or calcium. They develop within the walls of veins and are generally harmless, although they may indicate a presence of other more serious diseases or conditions. Often undetected as a result of being symptomless, the stationary phleboliths are sometimes spotted during x-rays undertaken because of other health concerns.
- How to Identify Phleboliths
The area located at the spine's base, surrounded by one's hips is known as the pelvic area. It contains various lower abdominal organs, including the prostate, genitals and the bladder. On an x-ray, phleboliths will appear as round, either light colored or white spots. At first glance, they may be mistaken for kidney or bladder stones. They can, however, be distinguished from them by their either circular or oval shape and translucent center.
- Possible Causes
Specialists in the medical field suggest that pelvic phleboliths is a result of clots formed due to damage to veins by increased pressure during coughing or defecation.
- Average Size and Shape
Pelvic phleboliths can range from minute specks to growths of half an inch in diameter. They are known to appear as ovals, tubes or circles.
- Theories and Possible Prognosis
According to some articles, there may be a link between diverticular disease and phleboliths. It has been suggested that both of them may develop as a result of low fiber diets for prolonged periods. Pelvic phleboliths may be a warning sign for conditions such as benign tumors or colorectal hemangiomas in younger patients, as well as rectal distention, enlarged bladder, various tumors or cancer. As they are unable to move of their own accord, a change of position in particular may indicate the presence of another, either growing or decreasing, tumor displacing the phleboliths.