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When Was Diabetes Discovered? Where And How?

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Elizabeth Leake Profile
Elizabeth Leake answered
Diabetes was not discovered by one particular person at one particular time but rather, knowledge about the disease has been collected by different people at different times over a period of millennia, helping us to develop an overall understanding of what causes it and how it can be treated.

The condition is mentioned in an Egyptian papyrus as early as 1500BCE where reference is made to one of its symptoms, polyuria (frequent urination), as well as the writings of a 6th century BCE Indian physician called Sushruta who had observed that the urine of many diabetics had a sweet odour and taste.

The term ‘diabetes,’ was coined in the First Century AD by Aretaeus, a Greek medical practitioner who described people with diabetes as having the tendency to ‘siphon off’ bodily fluids through excess urination.  Diabetes’ is Greek for ‘to siphon.’

Possibly as a result, the well-known Greek physician, Galen postulated that diabetes was a disease resulting from defective kidneys, rather than the pancreas.
In many parts of the ancient world, right up until the 11th century or so, the diagnosis of diabetes was conducted by urine tasters who would look out for sweet urine as a sign that the disease was present.  This may be the reason for the later extension of the name by Thomas Willis to the medical term used today: ‘diabetes mellitus,’ mellitus being Latin for ‘honey.’
More recently, Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer was responsible for discovering that diabetics are deficient in a chemical produced by the pancreas which he named ‘insulin.’  His work was followed up by Charles Herbert Best and Sir Frederick Grant Banting in the 1920’s, who discovered that insulin was responsible for controlling blood sugar levels, leading to the development of medical insulin for treatment purposes.

A comprehensive timeline of important historic milestones and crucial medical breakthroughs related to the discovery and classification of diabetes can be found at: www.mdjunction.com/forums/diabetes-type-2-discussions/genera
Thiruvelan Ramasamy Profile

Obesity & diabetes was discovered by Sushruta (6th century BCE) and exercise is the suggested cure!

Ancient diabetes diagnosis – Ancient Indians diagnosed diabetes by looking at whether ants were attracted towards the urine.

That's why they (along with the Chinese, Koreans, and Japanese) call it the "sweet urine disease".

In 1889 Joseph von Mering and Oskar Minkowski discovered the role of the pancreas in diabetes.

In 1910 Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer 's studies found that, a lack of pancreatic function is the reason for diabetes.

Evelyn Vaz Profile
Evelyn Vaz answered
Diabetes was discovered by Thomas Willis in the year 1965, when he noticed that the blood and urine of a diabetic patient was sweet in taste. In 1776, it was confirmed by Matthew Dobson that this taste was sweet due to the excess of sugar content in blood and urine.

Some sources claim that diabetic disease was running long since the ancient times by Greeks, Chinese Egyptians and Indians. The word diabetes was coined by Aretaeus of Cappadocia. However, Indians discovered it when ants were attracted to urine, which was then known as the "Sweet urine Disease", aka Madhumehalai.

It was in 1910, that the word insulin came into being when Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer of Edinburgh said that people with diabetes had deficiency in a single chemical known as pancreas (insulin).

thanked the writer.
Anonymous
Anonymous commented
So.... The first discovery was in 1965.... And it was confirmed by a second opinion in 1776? Um..... That seems a little... I dont know... Impossible. Diabetes was first noted in 1500 BC.. You're missing the mark by well over 2000 years
Akshay Kalbag Profile
Akshay Kalbag answered
While diabetes has been recognised since time immemorial, and people in many regions of the world were able to concoct effective cures to treat various ailments during the Middle Ages (even though the efficacy of these treatments was short-lived), the cure for diabetes was explained to the world in a simple manner mainly in the 20th century.

The first experiment in the field of research on diabetes was conducted by the European scientists Joseph von Mering and Oskar Minkowski in 1899. They tried to explain the role of the pancreas in the spread of diabetes by removing the pancreas of dogs. It was seen that the dogs whose pancreas were removed showed all the signs and symptoms which are commonly associated with patients who suffer from diabetes and died immediately afterwards.

The term insulin was coined in 1910 by Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer, a Scotsman from Edinburgh, who pinpointed that people who suffer from diabetes are deficient in a (until then unnamed) chemical produced by the pancreas. He proposed calling this chemical insulin, and the word has been in existence ever since.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Some will say 1910 but thier wrong it was discoved in 1894 by german scientist valdimar nasahepepelon.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Diabetes was discovered by a man named pablo he was a curly headed man who had an obsession with the movie stepbrothers

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