Diabetes is an incurable condition in which too much glucose (sugar) is present in the blood. Diabetes arises because the body can't use glucose properly, either because of a lack of the hormone insulin or because the insulin available doesn't work effectively. Not only is excess sugar found in the blood but it may appear in the urine too.
The full name 'diabetes mellitus' derives from the Greek word 'diabetes' meaning siphon - to pass through, and 'mellitus,' the Latin for honeyed or sweet. It refers to a major symptom of diabetes - sugar in the urine. Diabetes has been a recognised condition for over 3,500 years.
Diabetes is common, and more than 2 million people in the UK are known to have the condition (statistics supplied by Diabetes UK). However, at least one million people are believed to have diabetes but don't realise it. More than three-quarters of those with diabetes have what is now called 'type 2 diabetes mellitus'. This used to be known as 'non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)' or 'maturity-onset diabetes mellitus'. The remainder have 'type 1 diabetes mellitus', which used to be known as 'insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus'.
It is easy to get tested for diabetes nowadays and a simple blood or urine test will detect if you have it or not. Although it is incurable, diabetes can be controlled with drugs so that the sufferer can live a normal life.
Diabetes is a medical condition in which the body is unable to produce enough insulin or, for some reason, is unable to properly use the insulin it does produce. Insulin is a hormone involved in turning sugar into energy that the body can use. People with diabetes have blood sugar levels which are too high, and the condition can lead to blindness, kidney failure, the amputation of limbs, and heart trouble.
It is not known what causes diabetes but factors such as age, family history, excess weight, and lack of exercise are known to be important.
Two main types of diabetes exist. Type 1 diabetes affects mainly younger people and is less common, accounting for around 10% of all diabetes cases. Those with Type 1 diabetes have bodies which fail to produce enough insulin. Type 2 diabetes involves a failure to properly use insulin within the body.
Between two and three million people are believed to have diabetes in Britain today and around one third of those do not know it.
It's a disease within your pancreas dose not work because your islet cells leave your pancreas that is why your blood sugar is out of control insulin is what controls your blood sugar and if you have diabetes you can't produce insulin so that is why you have to take insulin to stay healthy!