What Is Diabetes?


7 Answers

Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Diabetes is an incurable condition in which too much glucose (sugar) is present in the blood. Diabetes arises because the body can't use glucose properly, either because of a lack of the hormone insulin or because the insulin available doesn't work effectively. Not only is excess sugar found in the blood but it may appear in the urine too.
The full name 'diabetes mellitus' derives from the Greek word 'diabetes' meaning siphon - to pass through, and 'mellitus,' the Latin for honeyed or sweet. It refers to a major symptom of diabetes - sugar in the urine. Diabetes has been a recognised condition for over 3,500 years.
Diabetes is common, and more than 2 million people in the UK are known to have the condition (statistics supplied by Diabetes UK). However, at least one million people are believed to have diabetes but don't realise it. More than three-quarters of those with diabetes have what is now called 'type 2 diabetes mellitus'. This used to be known as 'non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)' or 'maturity-onset diabetes mellitus'. The remainder have 'type 1 diabetes mellitus', which used to be known as 'insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus'.
It is easy to get tested for diabetes nowadays and a simple blood or urine test will detect if you have it or not. Although it is incurable, diabetes can be controlled with drugs so that the sufferer can live a normal life.

Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Diabetes is a medical condition in which the body is unable to produce enough insulin or, for some reason, is unable to properly use the insulin it does produce. Insulin is a hormone involved in turning sugar into energy that the body can use. People with diabetes have blood sugar levels which are too high, and the condition can lead to blindness, kidney failure, the amputation of limbs, and heart trouble.

It is not known what causes diabetes but factors such as age, family history, excess weight, and lack of exercise are known to be important.

Two main types of diabetes exist. Type 1 diabetes affects mainly younger people and is less common, accounting for around 10% of all diabetes cases. Those with Type 1 diabetes have bodies which fail to produce enough insulin. Type 2 diabetes involves a failure to properly use insulin within the body.

Between two and three million people are believed to have diabetes in Britain today and around one third of those do not know it.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
It's a disease within your pancreas dose not work because your islet cells leave your pancreas that is why your blood sugar is out of control insulin is what controls your blood sugar and if you have diabetes you can't produce insulin so that is why you have to take insulin to stay healthy!
thanked the writer.
Tricia Topping
Tricia Topping commented
There are hugh differences in what causes Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 is an autoimmune disease, where your white blood cells determine your beta cells within the pancreas are a forign body and destroy them. It may only account for approx 10%, but it is the worse of the two types to have.
Thiruvelan Ramasamy
Diabetes is a chronic and complex disease, caused by having too much glucose (sugar) in the blood. This happens when there is low or no insulin production or improper use of insulin.

If the body’s insulin production insufficient (or is stopped) production is called as type-1 diabetes caused by autoimmune disorder, and it needs to be treated with insulin shots.

Type 2 diabetes is a condition when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the body cells do not able to use the insulin properly. If you are a type-2 diabetic, glucose builds up in your blood instead of using for energy.
Maria Gordon Profile
Maria Gordon answered

when our body can't use properly glouse on their body then our body attacted by glucose. In this time we use insulin to check our hormone. It is a very common condition. People with diabetes have blood sugar levels which are too high, and the condition can lead to blindness, kidney failure, the amputation of limbs, and heart trouble. Really here is no permanent medicine for stopping suger.

Roy Parker Profile
Roy Parker , Health Blogger at, answered

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person experiences high blood glucose levels either because the body produces inadequate insulin or the body cells do not respond properly to the insulin produced by the body.

Patients with diabetes often experience frequent urination (polyuria), increased thirst (polydipsia) and increased hunger (polyphagia). Read about '11 everyday habits that are pushing you towards diabetes' to know everything about diabetes and how to stay away from it.

Jenell Cave Profile
Jenell Cave answered

Diabetes is a condition during which the blood
sugar levels within the body increase. Whereas this is often the
symptom, the explanation behind this is often that the glucose within
the blood isn’t transported into the cells. Once the glucose goes
from the blood into the cells, it is converted to energy once needed.

There is an enzyme which is called insulin; it is
the key to transporting blood glucose to cells. The insulin molecule
attaches itself to the cells and creates a gap for blood glucose to
enter the cell.

For someone who has diabetes, there's less or no
insulin present in the body. Consequently, blood sugar isn't
transferred to the cells and remains within the blood stream.

Types of diabetes:

The diabetes is classified into two types - Type 1
diabetes & Type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes - In this diabetic condition, the
body loses its power to make insulin because the immune system of the
body started killing the beta cells (in the pancreas), that produce
insulin. So Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disorder

Type 2 diabetes - In this condition, the body
continues to make insulin, but it is not sufficient for the body.

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