Lower leg pain results
from overuse, wear and tear, or injuries in bones or in muscles, or other soft
tissues. If you're suffering from lower leg pain, you may wonder if it's serious or something you can
treat at home. There are many medicine available . t
Pain in the lower leg can be caused by overuse, overexertion or trauma from a fall or blow. The lower leg also can be affected by heart and circulatory diseases, such as congestive heart failure, or blood clots and inflammation in the veins of the legs.
Phlebitis is the inflammation of a vein, sometimes accompanied by a blood clot. The inflammation can cause aching, swelling and redness in the lower portion of one leg. A blood clot in one of the veins of the leg can further increase swelling by blocking the flow of blood back to the heart. Phlebitis requires immediate medical attention to keep a potential clot from moving into the heart or lungs.
Narrowing of the Arteries
Narrowing of the arteries occurs when plaque builds up on the arteries in the leg, a process called peripheral arterial disease. The plaque blocks blood flow into the leg and keeps the lower leg muscles from getting enough oxygen. This causes pain or cramping in your calf that goes away if you stop the activity and returns if you resume it. The condition, called intermittent claudication, usually occurs in older adults and heavy smokers. Activity may cause pain, because the working muscles fail to get the oxygen they need. The pain is relieved shortly after exercise or activity is stopped because the muscles don’t need as much oxygen. If you have symptoms of intermittent claudication, see your doctor.
A shin splint is an overuse injury that causes inflammation of the shin muscles. Shin splints are a common injury among runners and other athletes, store clerks, warehouse and factory workers, and others who are on their feet all day on hard concrete floors.
The most common causes of shin splints include:
Muscle imbalance (the calf muscle is stronger than the shin muscles)
A tight Achilles tendon (the tendon at the back of the heel and ankle)
Not enough shock absorption during high-impact exercise
Running on the balls of the feet, without allowing the heel to touch the ground
Doing too much activity too fast
Symptoms include aching at the front or inner side of the lower leg. Generally, there is no swelling, redness or bruising. The pain may begin suddenly or build slowly.