What Is Leukaemia?


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Arun Raj answered
Leukaemia is a slow spreading cancer that starts in the blood-forming cells in the bone marrow. The main reason for leukaemia is the consequence of an uncharacteristic development of white blood cells (leukocytes). You can also leukaemia as the cancer of blood cells. There is also acute leukaemia which is the 'rapidly spreading' version of leukaemia typically afflicting during childhood.

Hereditary factors and exposure to radiation are two of the seemingly probably causes for leukaemia to develop. In acute leukaemia, anaemia, bleeding, fever and the swelling of the lymph node are the characteristic symptoms. Once a sure-shot fatal disease which could take life in a mere span of 6 months, there is a significant amount of solace given in the form of drug therapy, which can cure 60 percent of patients. Chronic leukaemia which is known to onset at the age of 40 and beyond is characterized by weakness, weight-loss and other symptoms. One has to resort to chemotherapy to reduce the symptoms but there is no guarantee that life can be prolonged.

Sadly, there are no 'foolproof' prevention measures to take in case of leukaemia. One should stay away from ionizing radiation and contact with poisonous liquid benzene. People who have Down syndrome should go for regular medical check-up. One should refrain from smoking and other health destroying vices. Recently in 2002, scientists discovered a gene transfer model, which has the property to cause immunity against leukaemia cells.

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