What Is Lyme Disease?


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Yooti Bhansali Profile
Yooti Bhansali answered
Lyme disease is the most frequently encountered tick borne disease, prevalent in the continents of North America and Europe. It also ranks amongst the most rapidly increasing infectious diseases in the United States of America.

The disease is named after its epidemiological epicentre, a town called Lyme in Connecticut in which a group of cases was detected in the year 1976. Even though medical characteristics of the disease have been explained as early as the start of the twentieth century, the disease in its modern shape gets its source from the cases identified in the town of Lyme.

The disease differs on a wide scale in its manifestation, which can consist of rashes, the flu, and the probability of musculoskeletal, psychiatric symptoms. Majority of Lyme cases are treated by antibiotics, mainly if the treatment has started at an early stage in the disease.
Patricia Devereux Profile
Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected blacklegged ticks, which are normally harbored by deer.    The ailment is named after Lyme, Connecticut, where it was first identified. It has since spread throughout the U.S., and is considered epidemic in some areas in the warmer months.    Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a skin rash called erythema migrans. If left untreated, infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system. However, Lyme disease often goes undiagnosed, with symptoms mistaken for lesser ailments.    Most cases of Lyme disease can be treated successfully with the long-term use of broad-spectrum antibiotics such as Doxycycline.    Not all patients get well with antibiotics, so many turn to herbal therapies. Patients are also counseled to drink lots of water, exercise to the point of sweating, and eat "whole", fresh foods.    Steps to prevent Lyme disease include using insect repellent, removing ticks promptly, landscaping so as to not harbor ticks, and integrated pest management.

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